About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

The Philippines is a region in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has one particular of the premier populations in the earth. The region is an archipelago of a large team of islands surrounded by crystal obvious drinking water and stunning and distinctive coral reefs. Of the seven,107 islands in the Philippines the premier is Luzon, at a hundred and five square kilometres and just about fifty p.c of the islands in the region have names, and only 350 islands are even larger than two and a 50 percent kilometres square. The tallest mountain vary can be identified on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the top of the mountain reaches about 2743 square meters. The tallest mountain peak can be identified on the next premier island in the region Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like numerous other mountains in the region Mount Apo is an energetic volcano. Luzon is also the site of the cash of Manila the premier and most significant Philippine town. Manila has a port that stretches about Manila bay for hundreds of several years Manila bay has been the country’s coronary heart of transport and trade. The Visayas make up the middle portion of the Philippine islands. The premier islands in the Visayas contain Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the region and the next premier island in the Philippines the island measures 94,700 square kilometres.

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The islands

The Philippine islands ended up formed by volcanoes and are portion of a mountain chain that is mainly below drinking water. The interior of most of the islands have numerous rugged mountains with dense rain forest and simply because of the recurrent rain tumble there are numerous rivers streams and waterfalls that continually surge down the mountain sides. Because of the dense mountain rainforest and recurrent rain tumble the Philippines is endowed with spectacular sceneries in the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls wonderful caves and rock formations. Regretably a large amount of the rain forest is disappearing prior to the Spanish arrived in the 1500 about ninety p.c of the Philippine islands ended up included in rain forest. To date the region has shed close to one particular-3rd of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been made use of and slash down for its timber and to obvious land for farms and residences.

The coastline

With about 7000 islands the region has a coastline line additional than 36,three hundred kilometres in length. The shorelines and coastline varies across the region are very sandy in destinations these types of as Boracay which is well known for its stunning picturesque tropical white sand shorelines. With tropical vegetation and palm trees expanding on these wonderful shorelines. On some island coastline lines are very rocky in place and in some destinations you will uncover grey white sand shorelines and large inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos depend on clean drinking water from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and personal day-to-day residing specifications these types of as drinking and washing. Pasig River is one particular of the premier rivers in the region and flows by way of the cash of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows by way of the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Because the region is sitting down on the pacific ring of fire usually means the Philippines have a large amount of energetic Volcanoes. 1 of the most well known volcanic eruptions materialize in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for numerous hundreds of several years Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted additional than a thousand people today killed or wounded and remaining hundreds of people today homeless. The explosion produced a enormous ash cloud that included additional than 125 thousand square kilometres blanketing the area in ash rock and darkness. 1 of the most energetic volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also recognized as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted 48 periods in the past 400 several years. Mount Mayo situated on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a nationwide park in the yr 2003. The Mayo volcano is a properly formed cone that towers 2462 meters previously mentioned the land. Mayon Very last significant eruption was in February 1814, when it destroyed 3 towns and included yet another two with volcanic ash and incredibly hot larva about 1600 people today died thanks to this eruption.

The Philippine Persons

For hundreds of several years numerous diverse sorts people today and nations have been portion of the Philippines the outcome is a region and people today with a distinctive blend of numerous cultures. About thirty,000 BC Stone Age people today settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the region was later on joined by the Negritos that arrived across land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and generations latter joined by site visitors from Malaya India china and the middle east. Magellan was the first European to established foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his guys ended up killed all through the fight of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain established a long lasting settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Relatives religion and instruction are very significant in Filipino lifestyle.

Weather residing in the town or the region or on an isolated island spouse and children, religion and instruction are very very valued by virtually each and every one particular Filipinos have numerous positive values these types of as regard for authority and a superior regard for the dignity of all the people today.


Most Filipinos hold sturdy religious beliefs they frequently choose portion in religious ceremonies rejoice holy days with large festivals. The Spanish wherever very prosperous in changing the Filipino to Christianity making the Philippine the only Christian country in Asia Roman Catholic make up 85% of the inhabitants, five % of the inhabitants are Sunni Muslim’s the premier no Christian team in the region. Most early Filipinos ended up animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits recognized as anitos they believed theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. Numerous Filipinos feel in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic belief performs an significant portion in the everyday lifestyle of most Filipinos.The Philippine people today worship Christ mom Mary and other holy people today named saints numerous Filipinos decorate their residences trics jeepneys boats faculties of illustrations or photos of Christ and mom Mary.

Close by islands and china released Islam to the Philippines these days there are several million Filipinos that observe the religion of Islam. Some Filipinos practice Taoism which is a religious belief that originated in china the most important Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino spouse and children

The Filipino spouse and children the essential models of the Philippine social firm which includes the father the mom and little ones the bilateral extended spouse and children which incorporates all family of the Father and Mother. Of exclusive relevance the bond and unity formed by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their spouse and children as a resource of strength and security. It is not unconventional for single daughters and sons to are living at home with their parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The spouse and children are very close and if someone demands enable other people chip in and do what they can to enable the spouse and children member in require. The father-spouse is the head of the spouse and children and is normally unconditionally obeyed by his wife and little ones. The father part and duty is to fulfill the financial demands of the spouse and children. The Filipino father is the principal resource of self-discipline in the spouse and children and sometimes uses corporal punishment on equally sons and daughters whilst corporal punishment made use of on little ones in the Philippines is now slowly and gradually having made use of significantly less and significantly less thanks to the Philippine culture instructing and implementing new values on boosting little ones. The little ones a large amount of Filipino moms pamper their little ones these has the impact of prolonging the childhood of the little ones they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood tasks and anticipations are retained below the child’s potential this treatment and passion lavished upon the little ones produces a experience of belonging and security. As a outcome the little ones will often add to parent’s financial support and psychological support and security. The traditional Filipino wife and mom choose treatment of all the facts to guarantee the spouse and children capabilities as a residing and loving organised spouse and children unit. The mom is in demand of the home and all the facts pertaining to the little ones these types of as cooking the spouse and children meal seeing the little ones are clothed and all set for school the spending of salary to the maids (ya -ya) and all other domestic fees. Bizarre as it may perhaps appear to be gals share equal place with person in Philippine culture girl participation in professional work and politics is absolutely recognized this equality can be traced again to historic Malayan tradition.


Instruction Filipino little ones attend 6 several years of elementary school and 4 several years of superior school. Lessons are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys principal official languages. Far more than ninety% of all elementary attend govt faculties. From June until finally March Filipino little ones expend their days at school courses commence about eight in the early morning in the towns like Manila and sometimes about seven am in the rural regions prior to courses commence the little ones salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a very superior literacy price which most people today in the region can study and generate sad to say thanks to the superior unemployment price and the small salary paid to lessen course staff these types of as farmers and labours some little ones have to drop out of school to work and enable to support their people and some little ones attend faculties that do not have more than enough school materials and products these types of as textbooks desks and chairs and pcs.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 diverse significant dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass instruction of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino lifestyle. English was released so diverse people today residing in diverse pieces of the Philippines could comprehend one particular yet another. The American declared English the region official language all through the time they ruled the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine govt resolved to replace English with a language named Filipino also recognized as Tagalog the most commonly spoken Philippine language specifically all over some of the significant towns. Today Filipino and English are the region official languages. In diverse pieces of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can discuss anyplace up to 4 languages and some periods additional specifically the people today who have traveled and lived in diverse pieces of the region. For instance theses Filipinos can discuss the language from the area they grew up in and lived in as a little one they also can discuss English and Tagalog and sometimes yet another language that is indigenous to wherever they are living as an grownup or learnt as a little one. For instance English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be 4 languages a single Filipino can discuss.

The people today traditional residing

Half of the Philippine inhabitants are living in the region around mountains forest on small islands or on the plains there are numerous sorts of traditional residences Bahay kubo is a traditional rural home some time referred to as a nipa hut.The partitions and floors are produced from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and fatigued down to timber or bamboo to variety the roof. Other people today in the region side are living in wooden home and other low-priced timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The additional wealthy region Filipino are living in a larger fancy contemporary home and residences are produced from cement bricks and cement.On a large amount of Tiny Island and region regions the home has one particular principal home with a couple of items of furniture and mats on the flooring wherever the spouse and children sleeps.The kitchen is normally in yet another home with a wooden burning stove and sometimes a small gasoline stove depending on how isolated the spouse and children is from the closest town. In the larger region towns numerous of the indigenous residences have electric power and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are unusual in small villages whilst now additional and additional Tiny Islands and villages are receiving electric power but there is however a large amount of villages that do not. The Philippine people today that are living in an area that does not have electric power or indoor plumbing obtain drinking water from a local community perfectly and burn kerosene lamps for lights in the evening

The people’s transportation

The first people today who migrated to the Philippine islands made use of barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the most effective usually means of transportation of great and products from island to yet another people today also depend on these ships as ferries simply because the cost of a airplane ticket are very high priced for the small income people. Banca a narrow wooden boat with an out boat motor attached to the again. The boat has wooden and bamboo frames extending from equally sides of the boats that perform like platoons blocking the boat from tipping about or capsizing. Early Filipinos made use of these small boats to trade and get materials from neighboring islands.The larger banca boats are predominantly made use of as people today ferries and large industrial fishing boats.The lesser banca boats are made use of for lesser journeys in calmer drinking water. A traditional variety of transportation is the pedicabs a tricycle with a side cart this variety of transportation are however popular in some region towns and provinces specifically on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the highway evidence of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a small bus produced from jeeps remaining behind by the US army. The jeeps wherever remodeled in to busses painted in vivid glowing flamboyant colours and styles and adorned with mirrors multi-colored lights and religious icons. The jeepney lesser brother the stainless steel jeep was produced and developed for practical explanations fisherman complained that seawater and the ecosystem was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and developed the first jeep the jeep necessitates significantly less servicing simply because it is complicated and does not rust. The jeep is an great Philippine motor vehicle simply because they are adapted to the distinctive Philippine local weather specifically from the harsh salt air and the unpredictable temperature.